این هم سری دوم گرامر آلمانی به زبان انگلیسی(آگر زبانتون خوب باشه خیلی به درد میخوره)

Accusative

English
German
 
Are these sentences complete?
 
Claudia has ...
She loves
She buys
 
No, they are missing a direct object.
Sind diese Sätze komplett?
 
Claudia hat ...
Sie liebt
Sie kauft
 
Nein, hier fehlt das direkte Objekt. 
Claudia has a cat.
She loves the cat.
She buys a bird.
Claudia hat eine Katze.
Sie liebt die Katze.
Sie kauft einen Vogel.

In English as in German, there are different cases. In English, the definite ("the") and indefinite ("a") articles are the same in the nominative and the accusative case. There is a change, however, when you use personal pronouns. Say, the subject of a sentence (i.e. the nominative) is "she". When used in the accusative, it becomes "her".

The woman (=subject) is here. She (=subject) is here.
I (=subject) see the woman (=direct object)? I (=subject) see her (=direct object).
   
Is the man here? Is he here?
Can you see the man? Can you see him?

The difference of subject (nominative) and direct object (accusative) in English becomes clear when you look at personal pronouns (i.e. she/her; he/him)

Nominative

I

you

he

she

it

we

you

they

WHO?

Accusative

me

you

him

her

it

us

you

them

WHOM?

In German, the definite ("der") and indefinite ("ein") articles used with masculine nouns in the accusative also indicate case. They change from "der" in the nominative to "den" in the accusative.

Der Mann (=subject) ist groß. The man is tall.
Sie (=subject) liebt den Mann (=object). She loves the man / She loves him.  

Articles for feminine nouns, neuter nouns, and for plural forms are exactly the same in the nominative and in the accusative case. 

Only the article for masculine nouns changes in the accusative case.

 

Masculine

Neuter

Feminine

Plural

Nom.

der/ein Hund

das/ein Tier

die/eine Katze

die/keine Tiere

Acc.

den/einen Hund

das/ein Tier

die/eine Katze

die/keine Tiere

 

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